Pegu (Bago) Yoma


Pegu (Bago) Yoma
   A narrow range of hills or low-lying mountains (yoma means "mountain range" in the Burmese [Myanmar] language) that runs north to south from Mount Popa near Myingyan in Mandalay Division to Singuttara (Theingottara) Hill, where the Shwe Dagon Pagoda is located in Rangoon (Yangon). The average elevation is between 475 meters (1,500 feet) and 610 meters (2,000 feet), and its highest elevated point, Sinhna-maung Taung, is 821 meters (2,694 feet). Though not one of Burma's highest mountain ranges, the Pegu Yoma's terrain is difficult to traverse and (in the past, at least) densely forested, making it an ideal base for insurgencies. In December 1931, the Saya San (Hsaya San) Rebellion against the British began on Alantaung ("Flag Hill") in the Pegu Yoma near Tharrawaddy, and after independence the mainstream Communist Party of Burma established "liberated areas" in the mountain range, which the Tatmadaw could not entirely suppress until the mid-1970s.
   See also Arakan Yoma.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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  • Pegu (Bago) Division —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 39,404 square kilometers (15,214 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of over five million (1983 census figure: 3,799,791). The divisional capital is Pegu (Bago), one of… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Bago Yoma —    See Pegu Yoma …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Pegu — Pegu,   Bago,    1) Stadt in Südbirma, am Pegu, 190 300 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz der Provinz Pegu; Holz , Metall verarbeitende, Nahrungsmittel , Textilindustrie.   Stadtbild:   Buddhistisches Wallfahrtsziel mit zahlreichen Pagoden und einer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bago Mountains — ▪ mountains, Myanmar Burmese  Bago Yoma , also called  Pegu Mountains        mountain range of south central Myanmar (Burma), extending 270 miles (435 km) north south between the Irrawaddy (Irrawaddy River) and Sittang (Sittang River) rivers and… …   Universalium

  • Shoe Question —    As in other Asian countries, it is the custom in Burma for people to doff their shoes before entering a house; on pagoda platforms and other sites associated with Buddhism, neither footwear nor stockings may be worn. These customs became… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Communist Party of Burma —    (CPB)    Sometimes known as the Burma Communist Party (BCP), one of the major revolutionary movements in Southeast Asia during the Cold War; it broke apart in 1989. Although communist parties were established in India, China, and Japan during… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Mandalay Division —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 37,946 square kilometers (14,651 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of 6.76 million (1983 census figure: 4,577,762). The divisional capital is Mandalay, which was Burma s… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Light Infantry Divisions —    (LID)    Elite units of the Burmese Army designed for mobile operations. The first Light Infantry Division, the 77th LID, was established in 1966 to fight the forces of the Communist Party of Burma in the Pegu (Bago) Yoma region. During… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Rangoon (Yangon) Division —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, it has an area of 10,171 square kilometers (3,927 square miles), making it the smallest of Burma s regional jurisdictions, and an estimated population in 2000 of 5.56 million (1983 census figure:… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Sittang (Sittoung) River —    A major river system flowing from the Pegu (Bago) Yoma to the Gulf of Martaban (Mottama) for a length of about 500 kilometers. The Sittang Valley is home to a densely populated agricultural region. A bridge across the Sittang was the site of a …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)